The 7 Elements of Design

It is always a wise decision to use the elements of interior designs to guide you to make the right decision. It doesn’t matter whether you are working with already acquired possessions like furniture or starting from scratch. You can look to learn the basics of interior designs & renderings so that you manage to acquire an appealing decor putting into consideration factors like lighting, pattern, form, line, space, colour, and texture.

Let us expound more on the seven elements of interior design.


Colours don’t need a special introduction. It creates an aesthetic connection between objects and determines the mood and it must be chosen according to the psychology and mentality of the resident.

For example, red is a great option for the dining room because it promotes appetite and green for the bedroom because it represents calm and health. Each colour has three different properties, namely hue, value, and intensity, and an interior designer must know these properties in order to be able to make different permutations and combinations. Colours are roughly divided into two categories: primary and secondary.


A well designed and appropriately decorated room shows the basic elements of the interior, the horizontal and vertical lines. Good design in all styles, traditional, neoclassical, modern or contemporary, confirms to the world of interior design that these simple elements are represented. The two bases of the drawing are vertical and horizontal lines. When used correctly, these design elements emphasize space for the best visual balance. These are the design features that provide essential support for the interior and are used to highlight a specific interior. More important than focal points, a design without properly used horizontal and vertical elements is a faulty design.



The lighting, the next element, goes hand in hand with the colour palette in all facets of the interior design. However, lighting can be particularly important in commercial or office environments. It can be difficult to design a lighting system that provides enough light to enable productive work without affecting the tone defined by the palette. Some offices do not have rigid ceiling lighting and instead opt for lamps connected to individual offices and soft wall lights to ensure soft lighting. However, some commercial configurations require ceiling lighting. In these cases, it is important to find lights that provide adequate lighting without being too hard or blinding.


Most decorators only use one colour palette for the interior. In contrast to the same interior scheme, use different designs in the same room. Using different colour patterns in a room works best when it can be combined with colours, themes, patterns, or textures. If you creatively choose two different models for your room, you will find that two different models try to dominate each other to attract your attention in the room. You can start with the interior by choosing a large pattern of the primary colour, then finding one or a relatively small way to complete it and filling the open spaces with a secondary one.


The property plays an increasingly important role in the decoration of houses. The visual texture is the apparent softness or roughness of a material. Use fabrics with a more textured, dirty, or rougher visual texture to maintain and improve a relaxed feel. Smooth and shiny surfaces such as silk, moire, chintz and the appearance of silk promote a more formal feeling of space. Using multiple layers of complementary textures adds variety and maintains interest. However, it’s a good idea to avoid dramatic contrasts in the plot.


First, measure your room and trace the room level on graph paper, as long as each square in the graphic corresponds to one foot. Include all openings in the room, e.g. windows and doors and note the dimensions next to each opening and wall in the diagram. Make sure the chart you created is correct. Make many copies of your blank drawing. You can also try designing a room online using the various interior design websites available today for this function. Look at eye level on the ceiling and under the floor and don’t forget to look under the furniture. You will be pleasantly surprised at how much space you have already lost, and if you have tried to fix it, you can sit back and enjoy your new clean environment.


Shapes generally refer to shapes as outlines of a three-dimensional object in space. Shapes can be created by combining two or more shapes and highlighting them with different elements such as texture, pattern, and colours. The lines that come together form the shape of an object, which in turn affects the overall feeling of a room. You can decide to follow the concept of a line by sticking to varied options such as straight lines, squares, and triangles. It is also obvious if you settle with curved lines you will achieve circle and oval shapes.